Institution: Upper Extremity Reconstructive Service, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital and the University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Research Interests: Aged, Arnold-chiari Malformation, Diagnosis, Differential Diagnosis, Dislocation, Glenohumeral Dislocation, Injury, Magnetic, Magnetic Resonance, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Myelography, Patient, Patients, Probability, Referral, Rotator Cuff, Shoulder, Surgery, Syringomyelia, Women